Production from renewable sources
A green, highly efficient fleet
Hydrogen-powered passenger vehicles are nowadays offered by almost all leading car manufacturers. Hyundai and Toyota have already produced the second generation of FCEV or "Fuel Cell Vehicles", with other leading European manufacturers such as BMW AG and Mercedez Benz announcing their own plans to develop the technology. A wider range of hydrogen-powered vehicles is expected in 2020.
Fuel cells convert the chemical energy of hydrogen into electricity, which ensures high power utilization. In fuel cells, this is currently between 65 and 70%, almost 100% higher than conventional engines with internal combustion. Vehicle ranges are also better than in traditional vehicles.
|Compressed natural gas||Liquified natural gas||Diesel||Hydrogen|
|Energy value (MJ/kg)||49.53||46.13||43||143|
Use in urban passenger transport
The use of hydrogen technologies is also of great importance for larger cities. As even a small number of filling points will be enough to supply urban transport, hydrogen used as fuel can ensure the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and dust particles even in areas with a high population density. Thus, as part of EU projects FlyFLEET:CUTE, ECTOS and CHIC, several practical demonstrations of the use of buses powered by hydrogen have already taken place in many European cities.
Cities are encouraged to consider hydrogen-powered public transport in their integrated transport strategies, as well as consider placing filling stations in their municipal spatial plans.